Imagine two different chocolate bars. They both need to satisfy the customer, but one might do it through a biscuit centre and one through the texture of the chocolate. They have the same purpose but different ways of achieving it.
One way to link texts is through the purpose they are aiming to achieve. Two different texts may:
- have the same purpose but achieve it in different ways
- have the same purpose but a different subject
- have the same subject but a different purpose
When comparing texts, consider both what they have in common and what is different about them.
If they have the same purpose:
- Do they use similar techniques? For example, two newspaper articles could use exaggeration to present completely different viewpoints of the same topic.
- Are they aimed at the same kind of audience or different ones? Within two advertisements, the writers will aim to sell their product but will have a different target audience in mind.
If they have a different purpose but the same subject:
- How do they treat it differently? For example, if you are analysing two newspaper articles about the same event in the news, how does the language show how the writer has aimed their writing for a particular audience?
- How have the writers shown a different opinion towards the same subject?
I'm doing the language paper in a few weeks and was wondering how and what you could say about how language features. E.g. in January the question "compare the ways in which language is used for effect in the two texts" - this was my weakest question as the only thing I thing I can think of to say is "it makes it stick in your head and want you to read on" i have no trouble finding the language features i just don't know how it is effects the reader - or I don't know how to put it on the paper anyway. By the way i got a B1 on this question...-_-
Can someone please help me out and tell me what sort of things language does to the reader, Thanks.
Here are some language features I have included that you should know of and how they affect the reader.
- Repetition: draws attention to and emphasises the idea/word/phrase/theme/concept. It highlights its importance.
- Personification: when an inanimate object is given human qualities. For example ' the television stared at me across the room'. Personification often makes the reader feel inquisitive.
-Imperative: This feature is mostly found in advertisements. Imperative is a command or an instruction. It forces the reader to take action for instance 'donating in a charity appeal to help starving children'. But then again, it can also be persuasive at the same time, by making the reader feel guilty too.
Metaphor:Metaphor is the feature that compares one thing to another. For instance, 'my brother is a monkey'. Metaphor is used to create a strong image in the reader's mind.
Rhetorical question: A question that does not require an answer. This feature is used to make the reader think about the possible answer and involve them in the text.
Simile: A comparison of one thing to another using words 'like' or 'as'. For example, "The raindrops fell like tears". Again, similes are used to also create an imaginative thought of what is being described.
Pun: is the use of word play, when words are organised in an amusing way to suggest another meaning. Puns effects the reader by making the situation humorous whilst showing the intended purpose.
Figure of speech: This is an expression that should not be taken seriously. For example, 'pigs might fly', meaning not that there is pigs flying past your window but that something is probably untrue.
Hyperbole: Hyperbole is exaggeration. For instance, when the piece of writing states something is 'the best'.
Imagery:When words are so descriptive they allow the reader to paint an image in their minds. Imagery is used to allow the reader to imagine the moment being described.
Symbolism:When an object is used to represent something important. (When people see a heart, they immediately think of love right? So that heart has a meaning behind it.)
Alliteration: When a series of words begin with the same letter. For example, ' the west wind whistled wildly'. Alliteration is used for a dramatic effect.
Irony: When words are used to imply an opposite meaning, or sarcastic language that can be used to mock. Irony is a means of expressing an attitude which is disguised by what what will seems to be obvious. The effect of irony is usually intended to be humorous, dramatic or tragic.
I hope these language features help for your exam. And remember! When explaining these language features, get your quotation from the text, explain how it affects the reader whilst using your language feature.
Good luck for your exam!
P.S - here's are link to help you with more information on comparing texts.