Compare and Contrast / City Living vs. Country Living Essay
973 WordsNov 6th, 20104 Pages
City Living vs. Country Living There are many advantages and disadvantages of choosing to live in the country or to live in the city. But the advantages of living in the country definitely outweigh the advantages of living in the city. In the city, public schools are often packed full of students resulting in larger class sizes and no real teacher student relationship. You would be lucky if your teacher could put a name to your face. Though, bigger schools in the city offer more courses for the student to take and also offer more extracurricular activities. Where in the country, public schools often do not have many students making class sizes significantly smaller resulting in a better teacher student relationship. Your teacher…show more content…
An engineer living in the city may make triple the salary doing the same type of work as an engineer living in the country. But the engineer living in the city, assuming he owns his home, probably has a much higher mortgage, and much higher property taxes. Not to mention, his entire yard is probably smaller than the house he lives in. Whereas the engineer living in the country probably has a much smaller mortgage, and pays a fraction of the property taxes. He probably owns at least five acres of land and cannot see into his neighbor’s kitchen while sitting on his couch in the living room. There are definitely more conveniences living in the city. Grocery stores are within blocks from your home, a gas station is to be found on every corner, and banks and hospitals are within walking distance. Living in the country means commuting to get to these places. It also means having to be prepared and making several stops to get all things accomplished in one day to avoid traveling back and forth several times in one week. In the city there is trash all along the streets and parks wherever you go. Who knows how long it will be there before someone decides or is paid to pick it up. Pollution is not a problem living in the country, unless you consider the smell of farm animal’s pollution. With fewer exhaust emissions and less industry waste polluting the air, living in the country, you can see the stars at night. Sure
Compare and contrast is a common format for English essays and research papers. A compare and contrast essay describes the similarities and differences between two related people, places, things, or ideas. Teachers and professors like this format because it requires students to analyze a topic and think critically about it. Follow these steps to write a great compare and contrast essay in English.
1. Pick your topic
For a compare and contrast essay, choose two things that are in the same category (like two countries, two sports, etc.) When possible, choose something you are interested in; your passion will make your writing better.
One big mistake to avoid: Don’t try to write about a topic that’s too broad. After you choose a topic, consider narrowing it to one aspect of that topic. For example, you would need to write a book to describe all the similarities and differences between two countries. Instead, you might compare their economies, the structures of their governments, or their education systems.
2. Choose points of comparison
This is a good time to brainstorm. Make a list of all of the similarities and differences that you can think of for your topic. Then choose the points that are most relevant and interesting for your essay. Unless the instructions for your essay say otherwise, you should include both similarities and differences.
Be sure that your points of comparison aren’t too simple; it’s hard to write a paragraph about, for example, the fact that Country A is larger than Country B unless you have more information about the implications of each country’s size.
3. Organize your ideas
Now that you have two things to compare and the points you’ll compare, it’s time to organize the body of your essay. There are two ways you can organize your compare and contrast essay: Block style or point-by-point style.
Block style gives all information about one topic, and then all information about the other topic (in the same order). Here’s an example of a basic block style outline:
- Country A’s economy
- dependent on oil
- strong government control
- relatively low poverty rate
- modest national debt
- Country B’s economy
- dependent on oil
- strong government control
- relatively high poverty rate
- large national debt
In a point-by-point essay, each point of comparison is discussed for both topics in turn. Here’s the same information as above organized in a point-by-point outline:
- Main industry
- Country A: oil
- Country B: oil
- Government control of economy
- Country A: strong
- Country B: strong
- Poverty rate
- Country A: lower
- Country B: higher
- National debt
- Country A: modest
- Country B: large
4. Add a strong introduction and conclusion
Studies show that we remember the beginning and end of what we read more than the middle. Therefore, you should be sure your essay has a strong introduction and conclusion.
The introduction needs to catch the reader’s attention. You can do this with a surprising fact, a bold statement, or an interesting quote. Then tell the reader where your essay is going: What two things are you comparing? What are you going to say about them?
In your conclusion, summarize the main points of your essay. Suggest a next step for the reader or simply leave them believing that what you had to say was important.
5. Take a break, and then revise
After you write your first draft, wait at least a day before you read it again. Is your organization clear? Are there points that need more support from an example, definition, or fact? If you’re unsure, ask a friend to read your essay and tell you what they understand from it. What did they find unclear or unconvincing?
6. Edit for grammar, spelling, and mechanics
Once you’ve edited the your essay for content, it’s time to make sure the actual writing is correct. To check your grammar, try reading your essay sentence by sentence, but backwards, starting with the last sentence. This force you to think about each sentence individually rather than following the organization of the essay as a whole. Check your spelling, and then be sure you’ve met your teacher’s instructions for font size, spacing, and headers.